The tour Is held along Mount Didgori, 1647 m, is situated some 40 km west of Georgia’s capital Tbilisi in the eastern part of the Trialeti Range, which is part of the Lesser Caucasus. It was a site of the celebrated victory won by the Georgian king David IV over the Seljuk armies on August 12, 1121.
Vardzia is a large cave monastery complex of XII-XIII centuries. It is approximately 1 km long and is located on the hillside along the Kura river. At the moment about 600 rooms are excavated, but local workers told us that at least 3,000 rooms existed. Some of the caves go deep into the rock by 50 meters. It is interesting that nowadays Vardzia is located on the outskirts of Georgia, but during the heyday it was standing on the the main trade route.
Mestia, the main regional center of Zemo (Upper) Svaneti, is 1,500 meters above sea level. From the center of Mestia it is possible to hike up to the glaciers at the foot of mount Ushba.
Mestia is a conglomeration of at least 10 hamlets, dotted with picturesque Svan towers. The oldest of the hamlets, with most of the towers, are above the river on the northern side of town: Lekhtagi in the northwest, and Lanchvali and Lagami to the northeast.
David Gareja is a rock-hewn Georgian Orthodox monastery complex located in the Kakheti region, on the half-desert slopes of Mount Gareja. The complex includes hundreds of cells, churches, chapels, refectories and living quarters hollowed out of the rock face.
he complex was founded in the 6th century by David (St. David Garejeli), one of the thirteen Assyrian monks who arrived in the country at the same time.